How to Sand Wood

If you are up for a DIY project that involves wood, you must do the wood sanding. The task is quite simple and easy. If you can do it correctly, your effort towards smoothing the surface of the wood will come into reality.

Let’s check the process.

Necessary Equipment For Sanding Wood

  • Sandpaper
  • Sanding disk (5-inch)
  • Wood Sander
  • Random orbit sander
  • Palm sander
  • Vacuum cleaner
  • Wiping cloth (tack rag)

Wood Sanding Steps

Below, you will find out the proper steps that you need to follow to sand wood.

Step 1: Choose the Right Sanding Disks

This is a significant step as the disk comes in various grit sequences. Each work in different situations and you must have proper information about all the grits. If you go to the store, you will find out several of them available in various grit ranges starting from 60 to 220.

Grits that are below 80, you can use for paint removal. If you use this given range onto your beautiful wood, it will surely get damaged. Moreover, different scratches and unwanted marks will be formed, which will add extra time to your overall project.

Accordingly, grits from 80 to 100 are very efficient in removing saw marks or any dense scratches. If you are up for removing stains from the wood, choose 150 grit sanding disk. For the finishing touch, use the 220 grit.

Step 2: Use the Wood Sanding Tools

Place the random orbit sander on the wood and turn the power on. Slowly move the machine in the direction of the grain and be patient throughout the whole process. Don’t be in a hurry as this process requires time.

Move the sander repetitively and never put it in the same place for a more extended period as this will create some unwanted finish. The surface won’t get smooth, and it will inevitably degrade your expectation level.

On the other hand, if there are some visible marks or scratches, move the sander in that area repeatedly. This will remove any surface spots or marks. Keep using the sandpaper for sanding the corners. Do it gently with your hand. Use your fingers to check whether the edges are getting smoother or not. You can also use Detail sander sanding corner perfectly. 

After you are done with that, finish it off with the palm sander. This is done to be on the safer side and to make your project finish on good terms. A palm sander will make sure there are no unwanted areas left behind due to the random orbit sander.

Step 3: Clean the Dust

Once you finished the critical part, it is time for you to do the cleaning. The whole sanding process will undoubtedly create a massive amount of dust, and you can clean it off with the help of vacuum cleaner. As the dust got vanished thanks to the cleaner, sweep the whole wood with the tack rag.

Some Tips

  • While buying the random orbit sander, check whether it contains the dust collection bag or not. If you buy the one with the bag, there will be less amount of dust throughout the whole sanding process.
  • Wear protective woodworking safety glasses.
  • Wear a face dust mask so that you don’t inhale any dust.
  • Always do this kind of task in your garage or any other open areas where kids are out of reach.
  • While using the random orbit sander, don’t apply too much pressure on the wood. Applying extra pressure will slow the rotation speed of the sanding disk, and it might create some scratches, unfortunately.


Follow the process entirely and get your job done smoothly and successfully.

Enjoy working with the wood.

Have a good day!

You Might Also Be Interested In:


David has been a Craft & woodworking enthusiast for 10 years, and in that time has written huge resources on Sander, woodworking, and tools.

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 0 comments